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This site was created by students in the herpetology class at Towson University. Site last updated: 05/21/07.
Acknowledgements: Herb Harris - Range Maps; Mark Tegges - Photography; Dan Lapascha & Gigi Forester - TU Herpetology Logo
Eastern Smooth earthsnake
This snake is generally nondescript with brown, reddish, or gray-colored dorsum, light white or yellowish venter, and smooth scales. Sometimes small black spots can be present scattered along the back. Adults grow to 18-33 cm in length. The head is small and the snout is somewhat pointed.
This snake is secretive and spends most of its time underground, but it can be found in leaf litter and under logs, particularly near damp areas after cool, heavy rains. The best habitats are in deciduous woods or cut-over areas with abundant ground litter.
This live-bearer breeds in spring and fall and gives birth to 7-10 young in mid to late summer. Young are 7.6-11 cm at hatching and have adult coloration.
Distribution in Maryland
Range map adapted from Harris, 1975.